Milecastle 35 - Day 55
Milecastle 35, also known as Sewingshields, is one of the milecastles on Hadrian's Wall (grid reference NY80497018). The remains of milecastle 35 are located on an east facing slope and the remains still exist as exposed masonry. It has a long axis and a type IV south gate, but no north gate. The milecastle measures 18.3 metres north-south by 15.2 metres wide internally and its walls are up to 3.2 metres wide. A Roman branch road running south from Milecastle 35 to join the Military Way survives as a low agger up to 5.5 metres wide and up to 20 centimeters high. It was excavated in 1947 and again between 1978 and 1982. Several phases of internal buildings were detected. Phase I consisted of a small building 4.25 metres by 7.45 metres with stone footings. Phase II, probably dating to the late 2nd or early 3rd century, consisted of a new buildings on the east and west side. The site then fell into disrepair. Phase III consisted of new buildings, somewhat crudely constructed, with considerable industrial activity. Phase IV consisted of some new stone footings placed over previous metal-working areas.The site was reoccupied in the late-medieval period (13th to 16th century), when two substantial longhouse buildings were built. The medieval remains were removed during excavations. Pottery and small finds dated from the 13th century to the 16th century. The stone footings of two substantial buildings of the longhouse type were found in association with stone stackstands and cobbled yards. The site can now be accessed from the Hadrian's Wall Path.